Monthly Archives: March 2013

Celebrating Women’s History Month at the Museum

Celebrating Women's History Month at the Museum

Anna Eliza Osborn Anthony: Wife of Col. D.R. Anthony

Last fall, the Leavenworth County Historical Society at the Carroll Mansion Museum installed an Anthony Family of Leavenworth exhibit. The patriarch of the Leavenworth Anthony family , Daniel Read Anthony, born in Adams, Massachusetts, was the brother of famed suffragist, Susan B. Anthony. History records Col. D.R. Anthony, as he was more commonly known, as perhaps the most colorful character in the history of Kansas journalism. An early resident of Leavenworth, before it became a state, Anthony was also a radical abolitionist, a Civil War soldier, and held numerous public offices, including that of postmaster and mayor of Leavenworth for a number of years. He and the subsequent Anthony line of D.R.s owned and published the Leavenworth Times for nearly 100 years.
What may be of interest to some, especially in the month of March, which is National Women’s History Month, is to know a little something about the woman who shared her life with Col. Anthony during their forty year marriage. When DR married Anna Eliza Osborn on January 21, 1864, in Edgartown, MA, at the Congregational Church by the Rev. H.P. Leonard, he was 39 years old and she 19. Miss Osborn was the daughter of one of the leading ship owners and whaling merchants of Edgartown on Martha’s Vineyard. Her father was Captain Abraham Osborn, who had married Eliza Norton and had a large family, for whom he built a stately home that still stands today on Main street in Edgartown, facing the harbor, among the homes of other wealthy sea captains. During the Civil War, his whaleship Ocmulgee, commanded by his son, Abram, was the first Yankee ship to be captured and burned by the Confederate enemy’s prize cruiser, the Alabama.
We are led to believe that the newlyweds originally took residence at the Planter’s House Hotel, overlooking the Missouri River. Calling cards stating such, are part of the Anthony Collection at the Carroll Mansion Museum. Resources note that Anna spent many hours watching from her hotel window the unloading of freight from steamers into the warehouses along the river and subsequent reloading of overland freight wagons out of the same warehouses.
It was not long though until the Anthonys moved to a residential area south of the Planter’s, to a location situated on the bluffs high above the river, on Esplanade Street. The Anthony children were born and raised here, to include Maude (1865-1950), Madge (1867, who died at 5 months of age, while the family visited in Rochester, NY, home of D.R. Anthony’s parents), Susie B. (1872-1889, accidentally drowned in ice skating accident), Annette (1883-1888. Dead at 5 years and just six months after her baby sister’s death), and Daniel Read Anthony, Jr. (1870-1931). Col. Anthony’s sisters, Susan B. and Mary visited often, and another sister, Hannah Anthony Mosher, died here of tuberculosis, in 1877 followed by DR himself in 1904.
In 1865, when DR was seeking another term as mayor, his sister, Susan B. was invited to come share his home in Leavenworth. Upon her arrival, she rejoiced in what she described as the “comfort of DR’s neat, little, snow-white cottage with green blinds.” Susan B. and Anna became fast friends and Susan admired Anna for her “gaiety and the way she fearlessly drove her beautiful black horse across the prairie.”
During her life as an Anthony, Anna was witness to her husband’s life as a stormy figure in Leavenworth and Kansas affairs. Her obituary stated, “His enemies shot at him and tried to mob him, he fought bitter political battles; he was violent in his hatreds and impetuous in his acts. Through all the years of his life, the colonel was respected—and feared. She found herself projected into scenes far more turbulent than any she had witnessed in her girlhood in the quiet little New England town where she was born. At first the young wife of the doughty colonel must have lived in fear that she would not see her husband alive again when he had left their home each day for work. But as time went by she undoubtedly became accustomed to the excitement of being the wife of a newspaper editor who was always prepared to defend his vitriolic editorial with a pistol.”
When Anna attended an elegant reception in February, 1888, given by wealthy banker, Lucien & Julia Scott in their handsome residence on Fifth Avenue, what is now the Carroll Mansion, she was among the list of “ladies in ravishing toilettes” wearing white silk flounced with black Spanish lace, corsage, bouquet of white flowers and diamonds.
A memoriam to Anna, read at the November 2, 1930 meeting of the Saturday Club, the oldest women’s club in Leavenworth, of which she had been a member, described Anna’s gracious manner, beauty, gallant spirit, active mind, and youthfulness, in recalling her connection with Leavenworth’s past history of adventure, bravery, and romance.
Given the events of her life, one might consider further evidence of Anna’s character, found in Ida Husted Harper’s Susan B. Anthony biography, where she writes about Col. Anthony’s appeal for suggestions regarding his will. The Anthony sisters complied by requesting him to leave to his wife a very considerable sum beyond all that he had intended, to replace some of her own money which she had put into his business in previous years.
When Col. Anthony died, at the age of 80, his estate, valued at $300,000 was left to his widow, Anna, and their two surviving children. Anna lived until 1930. The Anthony burial plot at Mt. Muncie Cemetery includes Col. and Anna Anthony, all their children except Madge and Maude, as well as Col. Anthony’s siblings, Hannah Anthony Mosher and Jacob Merritt Anthony. The stately Anthony homes remain habitable residences in Leavenworth to this day.
In addition to several Anthony family photos found in the Everhard Glass Plate Collection at the museum, two portraits are on exhibit of Col. D.R. Anthony and his son, Congressman D.R. Anthony Jr., which are on temporary loan from Dale Brendel, Editor of the Leavenworth Times. For more information about the Anthony family of Leavenworth, contact the Carroll Mansion Museum, 913-682-7759 or e-mail: leavenworthhistory@sbcglobal.net.

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March 8, 2013 · 4:31 pm

The Rutherford-King Sofa at the museum

The Rutherford-King Victorian Sofa at the museum

Several articles of Rutherford furniture donated in recent years by Madeleine Elise Hare of Topeka, included this Empire period sofa. Many pieces of furniture at the museum have much Leavenworth history behind them, and this piece is no exception. Ms. Hare is the daughter of  Constance Rutherford Hare (formerly Constance King Rutherford, daughter of Lucien Baker and Kathryn King  Rutherford) and Robert Yates Hare.   Lucien Baker Rutherford (1888-1961) was the native born Leavenworthian son of Catharinus Parker & Lydia May Cory Rutherford.  Lucien was named after United States Senator Lucien Baker, under whom his father had read law in Leavenworth. His mother, the daughter of J. Davis & Clarissa Fisher Cory, was raised in the farming community of Lowemont, in the northwest corner of Leavenworth County.
On August 22, 1917, Lucien married Kathryn Rosa King, daughter of Adams Potter and Frances Stith King. (A.P. King managed the Home Riverside Coal Co. in Leavenworth from about 1905 to 1910.) Lucien received his law degree and was admitted to the bar in 1910. He served as Leavenworth City Attorney from 1945 to 1947 and retired from active practice in 1959. The Rutherford home, for many years, was at 101 Fourth Ave.
The  sofa pictured here was moved with the family from Massachusetts to Ohio in the early 1800s by Hezekiah King, great grandfather of Mrs. Rutherford. It eventually made its home in Leavenworth, having been passed down from generation to generation.  Constance inspired Madeleine with the desire to preserve the family heirlooms and share them with those also interested in historical artifacts.  In addition to the furniture, photos and extensive Rutherford family history were also acquired by the museum. Stop by soon to see these wonderful additions, as we interpret the history of Leavenworth, preserved by past noteworthy residents.

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March 5, 2013 · 8:38 pm

Women’s demonstration at Pres. Wilson’s Inauguration

Women's demonstration at Pres. Wilson's Inauguration

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March 1, 2013 · 4:32 pm

March is Women’s History Month!

 One Hundred Years Ago

Women Marchers Attacked at Inauguration of President Woodrow Wilson, March 4, 1913

“This (suffrage) movement is a remarkable story of America’s greatest bloodless revolution, a revolution that resulted in the greatest bestowal of democratic freedoms in the history of the United States,” writes Coline Jenkins, in the forward of Tom Mach’s book Angels at Sunset. Jenkins, a descendent of suffragette Elizabeth Cady Stanton, feels that more attention should be placed “on the hardships and tenacity exhibited by women and men in their quest for these rights and privileges.”

Perhaps you noticed in last year’s Anthony exhibit at the museum noting women marchers  being attacked at President Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration in 1913. 

When Wilson arrived in Washington, DC, on March 3, he expected to be met by crowds of people welcoming him for his inauguration as United States President the next day.  But, very few people came to meet his train.  Instead, hundreds of thousands of people were lining Pennsylvania Avenue, watching the Woman Suffrage Parade. Organizers of the parade, led by suffragists Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, planned the parade for the day prior to Wilson’s first inauguration in hopes that it would turn attention to their cause:  winning a federal suffrage amendment, gaining the vote for women.  Five to eight thousand suffragists marched from the U.S. Capitol past the White House.  Most of the women, organized into marching  units walking three across and accompanied by suffrage floats, were in costume, most in white.  At the front of the march, lawyer Inez Milholland Boissevain led the way on her white horse.  In another tableau, Florence F. Noyes wore a costume depicting “Liberty”.               

 Of the estimated half million onlookers watching the parade instead of greeting the President-elect, not all were supporters of woman suffrage.  Many were angry opponents of suffrage, or were upset at the march’s timing.  Some hurled insults; other hurled lighted cigar butts.  Some spit at the women marchers; others slapped them, mobbed the, or beat them.                                                         

The parade organizers had obtained the necessary police permit for the march, but the police did nothing to protect them from their attackers.  Army troops from Fort Myer were called in to stop the violence.  Two hundred marchers were injured.  The next day, the inauguration proceeded.  But public outcry against the police and their failure resulted in an investigation by the District of Columbia Commissioners and the ousting of the police chief.       More than that, the sympathy generated even more support for the cause of woman suffrage and women’s rights.  In New York, the annual woman suffrage parade in 1913, held on May 10, drew 10,000 marchers, one in twenty of whom were men.  Between 150,000 and 500,000 watched the parade down Fifth Avenue.    

  

   

  

   

   

 

   

   

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